Music composer Naushad passes away

Veteran music composer for Hindi films, Naushad Ali passed away on 5 May, 2006. The music maestro was well known for his musical hits in films like ‘Mughal-e-Azam’ and ‘Mother India’. 86 year old Naushad Ali was unwell for quiet some time now and he was admitted to hospital on 20 April after complaining of uneasiness. Naushad came to Mumbai from Luknow in the 1930’s and became extremely successful in the next two decades.
Naushad Ali was born on 25 December 1919. He was a recipient of the Dadasaheb Phalke Award in 1981 and introduced the Hindi film industry to classical music. He has also received the Padmabhushan and Sangeet Academy Awards. He was a visionary and pioneer in composing and fusing different styles of music. He first joined the music industry as the assistant to music director Khemchand Prakash, but got success as an independent artist in 1944 in the film Rattan. In his earlier days before he became well known and famous, he struggled a lot. He even repaired harmoniums and composed for a few small theater houses.

Naushad introduced the system of sound mixing and separate recording of voice and music tracks in playback singing. He was also one of the first to use background music to further the moods of each character in the film. He combined the flute and clarinet and also the sitar and mandolin. He brought Hindustani classical music and North Indian folk music to Hindi cinema. In his lifespan he composed music for around six decades and did around 68 films. Naushad has introduced bollywood nightingale, Lata Mangeskar and Mohammad Rafi to playback singing.

Prime Minister of India Manmohan Singh expressed grief over the demise of Naushad and said “As a pioneer of various musical trends and mentor of numerous musical prodigies, Naushad Saheb has virtually shaped the broad contours of film music in our country. Generations of music lovers will continue to enjoy his soulful melodies for years to come.” Naushad’s last musical work has been done for Akbar Khan’s ‘Taj Mahal-An Eternal Love Story’ in 2005.